Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 16th to 22nd August, 2017

Press Information Bureau (PIB)-08th to 15th August, 2017 (PIB Weekly Compilation)



Cabinet approves MoU between India and Sweden on IPRs

{International Relations}


The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has given its approval to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Sweden on cooperation in the field of Intellectual Property (IPRs).

  • The MoU establishes a wide ranging and flexible mechanism through which both countries can exchange best practices and work together on training programs and technical exchanges to raise awareness on IPRs and better protect intellectual property rights.

 Impact:

  • The MoU will enable India to exchange experiences in the innovation and IP ecosystems that will substantially benefit entrepreneurs, investors and businesses on both sides.
  • The exchange of best practices between the two countries will lead to improved protection and awareness about India’s range of Intellectual creations which are as diverse as its-people.
  • It will be a landmark step forward in India’s journey towards becoming a major player in global Innovation and will further the objectives of National IPR Policy, 2016.

Features:

 A Joint Coordination Committee (JCC) with members from both sides will be formed to decide cooperation activities to be taken under the MoU in following areas:

  • Exchange of best practices, experiences and knowledge on IP awareness among the public, businesses and educational institutions of both countries;
  • Collaboration in training programmes, exchange of experts, technical exchanges and outreach activities;
  • Exchange and dissemination of best practices, experiences and knowledge on IP with the industry, universities, R & D organisations and Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) through participation in programs and events in the matter, organized singly or jointly by the Parties;
  • Exchange of information and best practices for disposal of applications for patents, trademarks, industrial designs, copyrights and Geographical Indications, as also the protection, enforcement and use of IP rights;
  • Cooperation in the development of automation and implementation of modernization projects, new documentation and information systems in IP and procedures for management of IP;
  • Cooperation to understand how Traditional Knowledge is protected; and the exchange of best practices, including traditional knowledge related databases and awareness raising of existing IP systems;
  • Exchange of information and best practices regarding Intellectual Property law infringements in the digital environment, especially regarding Copyright issues; and
  • Other cooperation activities as may he decided by the Parties with mutual understanding

7 Objectives of India’s new IPR Policy 2016

 The startup and IP law section of Indian constitution has always been disappointingly shallow. This seems to be an effort to fill the void plaguing the IP regime in India. All this was done under the ‘Digital India’ and ‘Make in India’ campaigns.

The New IPR Policy 2016 is rather well thought and lays down following objectives-

  1. IPR Awareness: To create public awareness about the benefits of Intellectual property among all sections of society.
  2. Generation of IPRs: To stimulate the creation and growth of intellectual property by undertaking relevant measures.
  3. Legal and Legislative Framework: To have strong and effective laws with regard to IP rights, consistent with international obligations.
  4. Administration and Management:To modernise and strengthen IP administration.
  5. Commercialization of IPRs:To catalyse commercialization of IP rights.
  6. Enforcement and Adjudication: To strengthen the enforcement and adjudicatory mechanisms for combating IP violations and to promote awareness and respect for IP rights.
  7. Human Capital Development:Capacity development by strengthening and expanding human resources, institutions for training, research and skill building in IP.

These objectives are sought to be achieved through detailed action points. The action by different Ministries/ Departments shall be monitored by DIPP which shall be the nodal department to coordinate, guide and oversee implementation and future development of IPRs in India.

 Cabinet approves National Intellectual Property Rights Policy

More: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=145338


Cabinet approves creation of a single non-lapsable corpus fund for Secondary and Higher education

{Education}


The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has accorded its approval for creation of a non-lapsable pool in the Public Account for secondary and higher, education known as “Madhyamik and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh” (MUSK) into which all proceeds of “Secondary and Higher Education Cess” will be credited.

The funds arising from the MUSK would be utilized for schemes in the education sector which would be available for the benefit of students of secondary and higher education, all over the country.

In connection with the above fund, the Union Cabinet also accorded its approval to the following:

  • Administration and maintenance of the above pool by Ministry of Human Resource Development.
  • Accruals from the Cess would be utilized in the ongoing schemes of Secondary and Higher Education. However, the Ministry of Human Resources Development can allocate funds for any future programme/scheme of secondary and higher education, based on the requirement, as per prescribed procedure,
  • In any financial year, the expenditure on ongoing schemes of the Department of School Education & Literacy and Department of Higher Education would be initially incurred from the gross budgetary support (GBS) and the expenditure would be financed from the MUSK only after the GBS is exhausted.
  • The MUSK would be maintained as a Reserve Fund in the non-interest bearing section of the Public Accounts of India.

Background:

  • During the 10th Plan, an education cess of 2% on all central taxes was imposed to make available additional resources    for    basic    education/elementary education to augment the existing budgetary resources.
  • A need was felt to give a similar fillip to the effort of the Central Government in universalizing access to secondary education and expanding the reach of the higher education sector.
  • Therefore, the Finance Minister, in his budget speech of 2007 proposed an additional cess of 1% on central taxes for secondary and higher education.
  • HRD Ministry sought the approval of the Department of Economic Affairs for revisiting the issue of creation of “Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh” (MUSK)on 11th February, 2016. Department of Economic Affairs on 20th June, 2016 approved that this Ministry may move a draft Cabinet Note to seek the approval of the Cabinet for creation of. MUSK.

India signs Global Environment Facility (GEF) Grant Agreement with the World Bank for USD 24.64 Million for “Ecosystems Service Improvement Project”.

{Environment}


Global Environment Facility (GEF) – World Bank

A Grant Agreement from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) of the World Bank of USD 24.64 million for “Ecosystem Service Improvement Project” was signed.

The size of Project is USD 24.64 million which entirely will be financed by the World Bank out of its GEF Trust Fund. The project’s duration is 05 years.

Objectives: Mission For Green India

  • The objective of the Project is to strengthen the institutional capacity of the Departments of Forestry and Community Organisations to enhance forest ecosystem services and improve the livelihoods of forest dependent communities in Central Indian Highlands.

India Ecosystems Service Improvement Project

The development objective of the Ecosystem Services Improvement Project for India is to improve forest quality, land management and non-timber forest produce (NTFP) benefits for forest dependent communities in selected landscapes in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.

The proposed Global Environment Facility (GEF) project will be implemented in close coordination with Green India Mission (GIM) on three components:

  • Capacity building (training and technical assistance);
  • Enhancement of forest carbon stocks through forest quality improvement approaches and improved livelihoods for forest dependent communities (interventions); and
  • Reversal of land degradation on private land holdings and common property resource lands through development of models and capacity for scaling up of sustainable land management practices (interventions).

Objectives:

To improve the quality and productivity of the existing forests so as to ensure sustained flows of ecosystem services and carbon sequestration, and to ensure the sustainable harvesting and value addition of NTFP to provide economic benefits to forest dependent communities that promote conservation and improve ecological connectivity

Global Environment Facility

  • The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems.
  • Since then, the GEF has provided over $17 billion in grants and mobilized an additional $88 billion in financing for more than 4000 projects in 170 countries.
  • Today, the GEF is an international partnership of 183 countries, international institutions, civil society organizations and the private sector that addresses global environmental issues.
  • A FINANCIAL MECHANISM for 5 major international environmental conventions: the Minamata Convention on Mercury, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Organization

The GEF has a unique governing structure organized around an Assembly, the Council, the Secretariat, 18 Agencies, a Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP) and the Evaluation Office. It serves as a financial mechanism for several environmental conventions.

 Source: https://www.thegef.org/about-us


MOUs signed for distribution of Energy Efficient appliances

{Sustainable Development}


Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), under the Ministry of Power, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoPNG) for distribution of energy efficient appliances under the flagship Unnat Jeevan by Affordable LEDs and appliances for All (UJALA) scheme.

  • According to the agreement, Oil Marketing Companies- IOCL, BPCL and HPCL will take up distribution of LED Bulbs, LED Tubelights and energy efficient Fans from select retail outlets across the country.

UJALA scheme:

The main objective of the scheme is to promote efficient lighting, enhance awareness on using efficient equipment which reduce electricity bills and help preserve environment.

  • The scheme is being implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under the Union Ministry of Power.
  • The scheme will not only help reduce consumers their electricity bills but also contribute to the energy security of India.
  • The scheme is being monitored in a transparent manner through a national dashboard (delp.in).
  • The distribution of LED bulbs will happen through DISCOM offices, DISCOM bill collection centres, designated EESL kiosks, Weekly haat markets, etc.

Cabinet approves completion of balance works of North Koel Reservoir Project 

{Environment} {Ecology}

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today has given its approval to the proposal to complete the balance works of the North Koel Reservoir Project in Jharkhand and Bihar at an estimated expenditure of Rs.1622.27 crore to be incurred during three financial years from the start of the project.

The Cabinet also approved storage of water in dam restricted at lower level than envisaged earlier to reduce the submergence and to protect Betla National Park and Palamau Tiger Reserve.

The project is situated on North Koel river which is a tributary of Sone river finally joining the river Ganga.  The North Koel Reservoir is located in the most backward tribal areas in Palamau and Garhwa districts of Jharkhand State.


“Champions of Change” initiative organised by NITI Aayog

{Development and Employment}


  • “Champions of Change” initiative as one effort to bring together diverse strengths for the benefit of the nation and society.
  • This is the second such event — after Prime Minister’s magnum opus event Startup India in January 2016 — where start-up bosses are being called by the PM en-masse. This would lead to a similar programme on August 21-22, where 180 young CEOs would deliberate on Six groups of Young Entrepreneurs made presentations before the PM on themes such as 
    1. Soft Power
    2. Incredible India 2.0
    3. Education and Skill Development
    4. Health and Nutrition
    5. Energizing a sustainable tomorrow and
    6. Digital India New India by 2022.

Key facts:

  • It is encouraging to see that the government have invited opinions from change agents such as new-age entrepreneurs in solving key problems
  • Entrepreneurs need to focus on job creation, moving away from capital-intensive or high-skill jobs.
  • Ease of doing business has been a constant demand of start-ups, who still find it hard to run a business in the country.
  • The government has, in the past few months, come out with some policies to provide relief to Indian companies. Most recently, it notified provisions for fast-tracking resolution of insolvency proceedings. Under this part of the code, also applicable to small companies, insolvency proceedings would be completed in 90 days.
  • According to industry data, 95 per cent of start-ups are unsuccessful ventures and wind down within two years. However, liquidation of the companies is a painful process that takes at least five years.

Navika Sagar Parikrama – Circumnavigating The Globe on an Indian-Built Sail Boat INSV Tarini by Women Naval Officers

{Role of women}


  • A six-member all-woman team of the Indian Navy is all set for a world tour. The team will be circumnavigating the globe on the sailing vessel INSV Tarini. An all woman crew will be managing the whole operation in this first ever global journey.
  • The name of the global journey is ‘Navika Sagar Parikrama’. Promoting women empowerment in the country, the team will be sailing over many oceans.
  • The expedition would inspire the youth of our nation to develop an understanding of the sea and instill a spirit of adventure and camaraderie.

Key facts:

  • This is the first ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew.
  • The project is scheduled to commence in early Sep 17.
  • INSV Tarini is the sister vessel of INSV Mhadei.
  • The project is considered essential towards promoting Ocean Sailing activities in the Navy while depicting Government of India’s thrust for ‘Nari Shakti’.
  • The first Indian Solo circumnavigation was undertaken by Capt Dilip Donde, SC (Retd) from 19 Aug 09 to 19 May 10 onboard the Indian built vessel, INSV Mhadei.
  • The first Indian non-stop solocircumnavigation was undertaken by Cdr Abhilash Tomy, KC from 01 Nov 12 to 31 Mar 13.

INSV Tarini:

  • INSV Tarini is a 55-foot sailing vessel, which has been built indigenously, and was inducted in the Indian Navy earlier this year
  • The vessel has sailed approximately 8,000 Nm till date. Navika Sagar Parikrama would be covered in five legs with stop-overs at four ports (same ports as Capt Dilip Donde) for replenishment of ration and repairs as necessary.

Additional aims of the Expedition are as follows:-

  • Nari Shakti– In consonance with the National policy to empower women to attain their full potential, the expedition aims to showcase ‘Nari Shakti’ on the worldplatform. This would also help to discard the societal attitudes and mindset towards women in India by raising visibility of participation by women in challenging environment.
  • Environment and Climate Change– Sailing encourages the use of environment friendly non-conventional renewable energy resources which affects the life of women. The expedition thereby aims at harnessing the energy to optimise the livelihood of the women onboard.
  • Make in India –The voyage also aims to show case the ‘Make in India’ initiative by sailing onboard the indigenously built INSV Tarini.
  • Meteorological/ Ocean/ Wave Data Observation– The crew would also collate and update Meteorological/ Ocean/ Wave data on a daily basis for subsequent analysis by research and development organisations.
  • Marine Pollution– The crew would monitor and report marine pollution on the high seas.
  • Interaction with Local PIOs– Since the expedition aims to promote Ocean Sailing and the spirit of adventure, the crew would interact extensively with the local PIOs at the various port halts.

Environment Minister Launches “Harit Diwali, Swasth Diwali” Campaign

{Environment}


Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Dr Harsh Vardhan on 17 August 2017 launched the “Harit Diwali, Swasth Diwali” campaign.

The Ministry also administered a Pledge for a Green and Healthy Diwali to the gathering of students.  The Pledge will be widely circulated to the schools, colleges and other educational institutions.

The ministry launched the campaign while addressing a gathering of about 800 children from schools of Delhi and NCR.

Highlights of the Harit Diwali, Swasth Diwali Campaign

  • The campaign is aimed at enlightening the children about harmful fire crackers.
    It will motivate children to not to buy fire crackers, instead buy a gift, food items, or sweets for the poor and underprivileged children living in their locality.
     As a part of the campaign, the Environment Ministry will undertake various activities to create awareness among various stakeholders and encourage people to participate in combating air pollution.
     Some of the activities to promote Green Diwali among school children include stickers/logo distribution, poster competition, advertisement on public transport systems, public appeal using Radio.
     As a part of the social media campaign, an online competition will be conducted, where any individual or organisation can make a video or audio clip on the theme ‘Pollution Free Diwali’.

    The campaign was launched with an aim to negate the chances of adverse environmental conditions in the country.

    Diwali 2016 saw extreme pollution levels post the Diwali celebrations due to excessive bursting of crackers, which contributes significantly to air and noise pollution. The pollution reached such levels that Government had to declare an emergency situation, which led to closing down of schools, construction sites and power stations.

    This year, India is being the host to FIFA U-17 World Cup that is scheduled to be held in October 2017, the Diwali month. Thus, the Government is working to ensure that there is no inconvenience caused in the conduct of the event and the national image stays protected and enhanced.


TRIFED celebrates World Honey Bee Day 

{Environment}


  • To create awareness about Beekeeping and uses of its products including Honey, Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) is celebrating World Honey Bee Day (WHBD) on 19th The main theme of celebrating WHBD is to save Indian honey bee.
  • Beekeeping has been useful in pollination of crops, thereby, increasing income of the farmers/beekeepers by way of increasing crop yield and providing honey and other beehive products, viz. royal jelly, bee pollen, propolis, bees wax, etc. that serves a source of livelihood for rural poor.
  • TRIFED is an apex organisation at National Level and functioning under the administrative control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs. TRIFED is serving the interests of Tribals, who are engaged in collection of NTFP and making of Tribal Art & Handicraft Products for their livelihood .

National Consultation on Data Generation for Gender Indicators of Sustainable Development Goals- Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

{Sustainable Development}


National Consultation on Data Generation for Gender Indicators for Sustainable Development Goals, 2017

The formulation of a roadmap for data generation and data utilization of gender indicators especially for SDGs requires close collaboration between ministries of national and state governments, their statistical counterparts, as well as a wide range of partners.

  • To explore actionable steps in this direction, MoSPI is organizing a two-day National Consultation on Data Generation for Gender Indicators of Sustainable Development Goals in collaboration with UN Women on 21-22 August, 2017 in New Delhi.
  • The consultation will enhance ownership of data generation and data utilization, by providing a platform for the stakeholders to discuss the way forward on how to address the gaps in gender indicators for SDGs.

Objectives of the National Consultation

  • To apprise Central social sector ministries and state governments about the need for gender indicators and gender statistics for the Vision 2030 for SDGs
  • To discuss the way forward with national and state government stakeholders to monitor the national gender indicators for the SDGs
  • To facilitate collaborative learning and knowledge exchange by sharing the latest best practices on data collection or use or dissemination of gender indicators for SDGs
  • To seek recommendations for facilitating user-producer dialogues to increase accessibility, quality and demand for gender statistics, through engagements of statistical offices with policy and decision makers

Format of the Consultation

  • While the National Consultation is being led by MoSPI, it is involving Central Ministries, officers from the State/UT Governments, namely from the Directorate of Economics & Statistics and Department concerned with women’s issues.
  • Other relevant partners will also be brought into this consultation including representatives of the UN in India, research organizations and civil society.
  • Based on the recommendations of the National Workshop on Data Gaps in Gender Statistics, 2015, UN Women and UNFPA had developed a Framework and Roadmap for Collecting Statistics on the Status of Women in India.

Background: SDGs and Gender Indicators

  • India is a signatory to the “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” resolution (2030 Agenda) adopted by the United Nations in 2015.
  • This 2030 Agenda consists of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 Targets.
  • While Goal 5 is a standalone goal to “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls”, gender is mainstreamed throughout the agenda.
  • A set of 232 unique Indicators has been globally agreed to, in consultation with the statistical offices and nodal agencies of the UN Member States, and the Inter-agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDGs), set up by the UN Statistical Commission.

Ministry of Defence approves delegation of Powers to Border Roads Organisation. 

{Security}


The Border Road Organisation (BRO), which functions under the Ministry of Defence since 2015, is mainly tasked with constructing roads to difficult and inaccessible regions in the borders of the country.

In order to ensure quicker construction of roads and to plug the gaps in critical infrastructure in the border areas and to avoid delays in the works, the defence ministry has approved delegation of powers to Border Roads Organisation.

This step is in line to usher in financial autonomy and bring transformational changes in the BRO. As per the new delegation regulations, a chief engineer in the BRO can give administrative approval of works up to Rs. 50 crore as compared to Rs. 10 crore earlier, an ADGBR can give administrative approval of works up to Rs. 75 crore as compared to Rs. 20 crore earlier and DGBR can give administrative approval of works up to Rs. 100 crore as compared to Rs.50 crore earlier.

The new delegation regulations allow the entire tendering process including acceptance of bids to be completed at the level of Chief Engineer/ADGBR for a majority of the contracts.

It is expected that with delegation of powers to the BRO, the pace of road construction in border areas would improve and the BRO would be able to complete ongoing/new projects in compressed timelines.


India’s Exclusive Rights to Explore Polymetallic Nodules from Central Indian Ocean Seabed Basin Extended by Five Years

{Security}


India’s exclusive rights to explore polymetallic nodules from seabed in Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) have been extended by five years.

These rights are over 75000 sq. km of area in international waters allocated by International Seabed Authority for developmental activities for polymetallic nodules.

Estimated resource potential

The estimated polymetallic nodule resource potential is 380 million tonnes, containing 4.7 million tonnes of nickel, 4.29 million tonnes of copper and 0.55 million tonnes of cobalt and 92.59 million tonnes of manganese.

Approving authority – International Seabed Authority (ISA)

This has been approved unanimously in the 23rd session of International Seabed Authority (ISA) concluded on August 18, 2017 at Kingston, Jamaica.

Background

India is the first country to have received the status of a pioneer investor in 1987 and was allocated an exclusive area in Central Indian Ocean Basin by United Nations (UN) for exploration and utilization of nodules.

India is one among the top 8-countries/ contractors and is implementing a long–term programme on exploration and utilization of Polymetallic Nodules through Ministry of Earth Sciences.

This includes survey and exploration, environmental studies, technology development in mining and extractive metallurgy, in which significant contributions have been made.


Union Home Minister launches the Digital Police Portal under CCTNS project

{Digitalization}


The Ministry of Home Affairs will undertake steps to integrate the various organs of the Criminal Justice System such as the Police, Courts, Prisons, Prosecution, Forensic Laboratories, Finger Prints and Juvenile Homes with the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) database. Launching the Digital Police Portal under the CCTNS project here today, he said this Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) will be a useful resource for all stakeholders including the policy makers.

The CCTNS portal will provide investigator the complete record history of any criminal from anywhere across the country.

The CCTNS portal will form the backbone of the Criminal Justice System and this database will be subsequently linked with the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MORTH) database on vehicle registrations.


HRD Minister Shri Prakash Javadekar launches ‘Swasth Bachche, Swasth Bharat’

{Health issue}


‘Swasth Bachche, Swasth Bharat’ Programme, an initiative of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan to prepare a physical Health and Fitness Profile Card for more than 12 lakhs of Kendriya Vidyalaya students was launched in Kochi.

Swasth Bachche, Swasth Bharat

  • Swasth Bachche, Swasth Bharat programme will provide a comprehensive and inclusive report card for children covering all age groups and children of different abilities.
  • Making students, teachers and parents aware about the importance of good health and fitness and encouraging 60 minutes of play each day is an objective of the programme.
  • Swasth Bachche, Swasth Bharat programme also intends to imbibe values of Olympics and Paralympics amongst students.
  • Bring back the childhood amongst children and make physical activity and recreational games an integral part of learning process, motivating potentially outstanding performers in various games and sports of excellence, using technology for data capture and analytics, and giving access to schools, parents and teachers are also the objectives of the programmes.


 

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