Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 1st April to 07th April, 2017

Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 1st April to 07th April, 2017


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South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) program of Asian Development Bank (ADB)

GS PAPER – 2 {Global groupings},{International Relations}


Source: PIBImage result for South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) program of Asian Development Bank (ADB)

South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) program of Asian Development Bank (ADB) is expanding towards the East with Myanmar formally becoming the 7th member of SASEC in 2017.

Key facts:

  • Myanmar is key to realizing greater connectivity and stronger trade and economic relations between the SASEC sub-region and the countries of East and Southeast Asia and that Myanmar’s membership in SASEC can offer a host of opportunities for realizing synergies from economic cooperation in the sub-region.
  • SASEC member countries recognize that most of SASEC’s multimodal connectivity initiatives include Myanmar.
    • Road corridors in Myanmar provide the key links between South Asia and Southeast Asia.
    • Ports in Myanmar will provide additional gateways to the landlocked North Eastern region of India.
    • Development of multi-modal connectivity between North Eastern region of India, Bangladesh and Myanmar has the potential of unleashing tremendous economic energy in the sub-region.
  • SASEC’s energy connectivity and energy trade prospects will be enhanced with the inclusion of Myanmar, involving its substantial resources of hydropower and natural gas.
    • Moreover, developmental impacts of economic corridor in the SASEC sub-region will be maximized by exploring potential synergies with corridors in Myanmar that are linked to those in other Southeast Asian countries.

SASEC:

  • Myanmar was accorded an observer status of SASEC in 2013 when ADB’s annual meeting was held in Noida, India. Myanmar has been participating in annual SASEC Nodal Officials’ meetings as an observer since 2014. It was invited by the participating countries of SASEC countries to become a full member in 2015.
  • The SASEC program was formed in 2001 in response to the request of the four countries of South Asia – Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal – from ADB to assist in facilitating economic cooperation among them. These four countries comprise the South Asia Growth Quadrangle (SAGQ), formed in 1996, as a vehicle for accelerating sustainable economic development through regional cooperation.
  • As a project-based partnership, the SASEC program has been helping realize regional prosperity by enhancing cross-border connectivity, facilitating faster and more efficient trade and promoting cross-border power trade.
  • Maldives and Sri Lanka joined SASEC in 2014, further expanding opportunities for enhancing economic linkages in the sub-region.

SESEC which is members countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, and Sri Lanka in a project-based partnership that aims to promote regional prosperity, improve economic opportunities, and build a better quality of life for the people of the subregion.

Asian Development Bank

  • Conceived in the 1960s, the ADB was established to foster economic growth and cooperation across Asia and the Pacific. In 5 decades, ADB has mobilized more than $250 billion in infrastructure, research, and knowledge sharing, thus creating opportunities and prosperity, which contributed to the region’s historic global rise.
  • ASIAN WATER DEVELOPMENT OUTLOOK 2016 RELEASED AT WORLD WATER WEEK IN STOCKHOLM
  • Water security in Asia and Pacific has progressed overall in the past 5 years, but major challenges remain, including overexploited groundwater, demand from rising populations, and climate variability, according to a new report from the ADB.
  • Asian Development Bank/Headquarters: Mandaluyong, Philippines

SASEC countries share a common vision of boosting intraregional trade and cooperation in South Asia, while also developing connectivity and trade with Southeast Asia through Myanmar, to the People’s Republic of China, and the global market.


 

Release of the Central Government’s assistance fund from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) to State of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka Drought Relief

GS PAPER – 3 {Disaster Management}


Source: PIB

The Central Government is concerned at prevailing drought situation in the States of  Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

  • After the receipt of detailed memoranda from these States, Inter-Ministerial Central Teams (IMCT) were deputed to visit the drought affected areas for the spot assessment of the calamity.
  • The High Level Committee (HLC) had recommended the quantum of assistance to the States based on the extant norms of assistance and the report of the IMCT.
  • This amount has been approved by the HLC on the basis of the report of the Inter-Ministerial Central Team sent by the Central Government to assess the damage.

Key facts:

  • Based on the approval of the High Level Committee (HLC), the Central Government has sanctioned Rs.1793.63 crore to State of Tamil Nadu ‘Vardha cyclone’ and Drought relief and Rs. 1,782.44 crore to State of Karnataka for drought relief from NDRF.
  • Based on the above sanctions, a sum of Rs.1447.99 crore has been released to the State of Tamil Nadu by the Central Government from NDRF after adjusting Rs.345.64 crore available with the State as balance in the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF).
  • The HLC has also advised the State Governments to take utmost care and ensure that all the individual beneficiary-oriented assistance are mandatorily disbursed through the bank account of the beneficiaries.

Other than Drought relief funds:

  • These releases are over and above the releases made to States as devolution of 42% of Central Taxes as per the recommendation of the 14th Finance Commission. For the year 2016-17, a sum of Rs.6.08 lakh crore has been released to all States as devolution of Central Taxes. Tamil Nadu has received Rs. 24,538 crore and Karnataka has received Rs.28,750 crore under devolution formula during 2016-17.
  • During 2016-17, the Central Government has also provided Rs.48,869 crore to all the States as grant for Rural and Urban Local Bodies to primarily meet the requirement of basic necessities for people living in these areas.
  • For the benefit of farmers, Rs.13,240 crore has been provided under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Beema Yojana (PMFBY) in 2016-17.
  • Also, Rs.2,45,435 crore has been provided under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) for transfer to the States from the Central Government during 2016-17. This includes Rs.47,499 crore for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) which is used for employment generation and water conservation works.
  • In view of onset of the summer season, the Prime Minister has instructed that in the next three months, all the States should focus on water conservation related works by utilizing the funds available under various Schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) and MGNREGS etc.

 

African Development Bank to hold 52nd annual meet in Gujarat

GS PAPER – 3 {Economic Development}


Source: PIBImage result for African Development Bank to hold 52nd annual meet in Gujarat

India is hosting 52nd annual meeting of the African Development Bank in Ahmedabad.

African Development Bank Group:

  • The African Development Bank Group (AfDB) is a multilateral development finance institution established to contribute to the economic development and social progress of African countries.
  • The AfDB was founded in 1964 and comprises three entities: The African Development Bank, the African Development Fund and the Nigeria Trust Fund.
  • The AfDB’s mission is to fight poverty and improve living conditions on the continent through promoting the investment of public and private capital in projects and programs that are likely to contribute to the economic and social development of the region.
  • Governing: The AfDB is controlled by a Board of Executive Directors, made up of representatives of its member countries.
  • Voting: The voting power on the Board is split according to the size of each member’s share, currently 60%-40% between African (or “regional”) countries and “non-regional” member countries (“donors”). The largest African Development Bank shareholder is Nigeria with nearly 9% of the vote.
  • Representation: All member countries of the AfDB are represented on the AfDB Board of Executive Directors. Member governments are officially represented at the AfDB by their Minister of Finance, Planning or Cooperation who sits on the AfDB Board of Governors. The AfDB Governors meet once a year to take major decisions about the institution’s leadership, strategic directions and governing bodies.
  • Unit of account: The African Development Bank is using a Unit of Account which is registered as XUA as ISO 4217 standard currency code. It is not exchanged directly by individuals, it is used for accounting between state members.

 India and the African Development Bank:

India joined the African Development Bank in 1982. The country is a key member of the institutions 24 Non-Regional Member Countries, which support the African Development Fund (ADF), the concessional resource window of the Bank. In 2013, Delhi increased its contribution to the 13th replenishment of the fund by 57.28% to USD 18.5 million, among other investments.


 

Cabinet approves closure of Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana – (Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs)

GS PAPER – 2 {Indian diaspora}


Source: PIBImage result for Cabinet approves closure of Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved closure of the Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana (MGPSY) which was set up in 2012 to address the social security-related issues of the Emigration Check Required (ECR)-category workers going abroad for employment to ECR countries.

The subscription under the MGPSY was very low and no new subscription was received for more than a year. Closure of the scheme will, therefore, obviate the avoidable recurring administrative and record-keeping expenditure.

Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana (MGPSY)

  • The Ministry has introduced a Pension and Life Insurance fund scheme called Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana (MGPSY) for the Overseas Indian workers having Emigration Check Required (ECR) passports.

The objective of MGPSY is to encourage and enable the overseas Indian workers by giving government contribution to:

  • Save for their Return and Resettlement (R&R)
  • Save for their old age,
  • Obtain a Life Insurance cover against natural death during the period of coverage.
  • The government contribution available under the MGPSY is for a period of five years or till the return of subscribed worker back to India, whichever is earlier.

Key attractions of MGPSY:

  • Government contribution of Rs.1,000 per annum in line with Swavalamban platform for all MGPSY subscriber who save between Rs.1,000 and Rs.12,000 per year in NPS-Lite.
  • An additional government contribution of Rs.1,000 per annum by MOIA for the overseas Indian women workers who save between Rs.1,000 to Rs.12,000 per year in NPS-Lite.
  • A special government contribution of Rs.900 by MOIA towards Return and Resettlement (R&R) of the overseas Indian workers who save Rs.4,000 or more per annum.


Cabinet approves Collaboration Agreement to support the Belmont Forum Secretariat

GS PAPER – 2 {International Relations}


Source: PIB

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for signing of the Collaborative Agreement with French National Research Agency (ANR), France for supporting the Belmont Forum Secretariat from January, 2015 to December, 2017 at a total estimated expenditure of Euro 40,000.

The Cabinet also approved continued financial support to Belmont Forum Secretariat beyond 2017.

BELMONT FORUM:Cabinet approves Collaboration Agreement to support the Belmont Forum Secretariat

  • The Belmont Forum, created in 2009, is a high level group of the world’s major and emerging funders of global environmental change research and international science councils.
  • It provides an opportunity to identify study and deliver international environmental research priorities, for the society, in an accelerated way through trans­national research collaboration between natural and social scientists and alignment of international resources
  • India is a member of Belmont Forum, besides Australia, Brazil, Canada, European Commission, France, Germany, Japan, Netherland, South Africa, UK and USA Ministry of Earth Science (MoES), represents India in the Belmont Forum since 2012.
  • In order to coordinate the activities of the Belmont, a Secretariat is hosted by one of the Belmont forum member on rotational basis. ANR, France is hosting the Secretariat from January, 2015 to December, 2017. Expenditure for hosting the Secretariat will be borne by Belmont Forum member countries in kind or cash contribution.

Impact:

  • The Agreement will help to maintain a certain degree of continuity in the operations of the Forum and also help in smooth coordination of the activities of Belmont Forum.
  • As India is already participating in 4 Collaborative Research Actions (CRAs) and Secretariat will be coordinating the activities of Belmont Forum, Indian scientific community will ultimately benefit from this agreement.

 

Cabinet approves extension of implementation of Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems Project by one year

GS PAPER – 3 {Security}


Source: PIB Image result for Cabinet approves extension of implementation of Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems Project by one year

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Home Affairs for extension of the implementation phase of the Crime and Criminals Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) Project.

CCTNS Project:

  • The Inter-operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) aims to integrate the CCTNS project with the e-courts and e-prisons databases in the first instance and with the other pillars of the criminal justice system – Forensics, Prosecution, Juvenile homes and a nationwide Fingerprint data base of criminals in a phased manner.
  • The integration will be achieved by providing access to the Judiciary, Police and Prisons through a desktop dashboard to facilitate expeditious and informed decisions and aid investigations.

Impact of the CCTNS Project will lead to

  • Citizen portals in all states and Centre that will facilitate transparency and speed in police service delivery, online registration of complaints and reporting and search of missing persons and stolen goods in self-service mode.
  • Pan-India search on complete National Crime and Criminal database that is accessible to the Investigating Officers throughout the country.
  • Search facility will be available to Police in regional languages for improved inter-state tracking of criminal movement.
  • Reliable network connectivity to all Police Stations in the country.
  • National level crime analytics that will be published at, increased frequency to help policy and law makers in taking data backed timely actions and in making appropriate policy interventions.
  • Integration with various e-Governance projects such as Aadhaar, National Population Register, Vaahan Project of the Ministry of Surface Transport, Passport Seva and National Emergency Response System Project thus increasing the synergies and benefit accrued from these individual systems. It will expedite various kinds of police verification requests and investigation.
  • Advanced features such as biometric based identification, trend and pattern analytics etc. that will be incorporated to enhance hi-tech investigation capability.
  • ICJS that will be available to all pillars of the criminal justice system helping improve its service delivery.

Background:

Originally approved in 2009, the Project aims to:

  • Deliver various web based police related services to citizens.
  • Facilitate a pan-India search of crime and criminal records of individuals through a national database.
  • Generate crime and criminal reports at the state and central level to inform policy interventions and
  • Computerize police processes.

In 2015, an additional objective of establishing a basic platform for an Inter-operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) was added to the Project.


India and the UK announce joint UK-India Fund, namely a Green Growth Equity Fund

GS PAPER – 2 {International Relations}


Source: PIBImage result for India and the UK announce joint UK-India Fund, namely a Green Growth Equity Fund

India and the UK announced the launch of an Early Market Engagement for the joint UK-India Fund, namely a Green Growth Equity Fund which aims to leverage private sector investment from the City of London to invest in green infrastructure projects in India.

UK-India fund

  • The Governments of UK and India have agreed in principle to anchor a private equity fund (the “Fund”) which will increase the flow of funds to India’s infrastructure sector and provide global, including UK investors, with an investment opportunity that matches their risk-return preferences.
  • The GoI (through NIIF) and the UK government will anchor-invest up to £120 million each in the Fund which will target around £500 million initially, with the potential to unlock much more in future.
  • The purpose is to help India enhance inclusive growth by boosting investment into green infrastructure on commercial terms. The success of the Fund will crowd in private investment that will have a transformational impact on India’s development

Proposed concept: Green Growth Equity Fund (GGEF) The GoI (through NIIF) and the UK government will anchor-invest up to £120 million each into the Green Growth Equity Fund (GGEF) which will aim to raise around £500 million initially, and more in the future. The Fund will invest in mid to large-sized companies in the green infrastructure space in India.

Background

  • The Green Growth Equity Fund, promoted jointly by India and the UK, aims to leverage private sector investment to finance investments in the green infrastructure space in India.
  • The Fund will invest in mid to large-sized companies in the green infrastructure space in India. It will pursue a strategy of acquiring a mix of minority and majority stakes.

Sectors The Fund will target gross returns in the 14-16% INR range, investing primarily in the following sectors:

  1. Renewable energy
  2. Energy distribution/transmission
  3. Clean transportation, Water treatment, Waste management,
  4. Any other fledgling sub-sectors/ themes in the clean energy/environment space like energy storage/ fuel cells/ etc.

 

UK-India fund promoted under the NIIF framework- NIIF as a quasi-sovereign wealth fund.

GS PAPER – 2 {International Relations}
GS PAPER – 3 {Economic Development}


  • The National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) has been created by the Government of India (GoI) to catalyze capital from international and domestic investors into infrastructure and allied sectors in India.
  • The GoI has committed INR 20,000 crores (~USD 3 billion) to be managed by NIIF Limited, the manager of NIIF, through one or more funds to be set up in partnership with non-GoI investors.
  • A component of NIIF’s investment strategy will be to anchor equity, quasi-equity and debt funds in partnership with investors targeting investments in the relevant sectors in India.
  • NIIF will operate on the basis of three principles in implementing this strategy: commercial, additional and in partnership with others.
  • NIIF will raise third party capital for the remaining Rs. 20,000 crore (US$ 3 billion), from long term international investors, such as a Sovereign Wealth Funds, Insurance and Pension Funds, endowments etc.
  • National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) is formed as a trust (set up under the provisions of Indian Trusts Act 1882) created by the Government of India. NIIF is registered with Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) as a Category II Alternate Investment Fund (“AIF”) under the SEBI (Alternative Investments Funds) Regulations, 2012 (“AIF Regulations”).

 

Geo-tagging of agriculture assets created under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY)

GS PAPER – 2 {Public Policy}
GS PAPER – 3 {Agriculture}


Source: PIB

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) works for the development of Agriculture & allied sectors

  • More than 1.5 lakh infrastructure/assets develop under the scheme in horticulture, fisheries, dairy and livestock breeding.
  • Centre committed to transparency in governance and the initiative to list infrastructure/assets with the help of technology
  • Farmers to be able to utilise pesticide/residue testing labs, storage infrastructure and market-related information on time
  • It is imperative to formulate a national index of the assets to understand them, systemize them and to reduce the gap between demand and supply.
  • The space technology needs to be developed in the areas such as land resource mapping, pesticides management, soil health mapping, crop yield estimation as well as the identification and assessment of floods like calamities, inland fisheries, animal species identification and sheep rearing and when the technology is developed, the farmers can enjoy quick and instant benefits.
  • Farmers would utilise the internet and mobile phones to obtain agriculture related information such as fertility of soil, the quantity of fertiliser to be used, condition for sowing potential pests aggression, estimation of yield, godowns, cold storage, agriculture markets as well as identification and availabilities of animal species.

Development Activities along Ganga River

GS PAPER – 3 {Environment}


Source: PIB

The government has notified River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order, 2016.

Under the order, the government has constituted National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (referred to as National Ganga Council), under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

As per para 42 of the notification, prior approval from National Mission for Clean Ganga is required for following matters, relating to river Ganga and any area abutting river Ganga or its tributaries, if required to implement the decision of National Ganga Council.

  1. Engineered diversion and storage of water in River Ganga without affecting the flow of water downstream of the River Ganga;
  2. Construction of bridges and associated roads and embankments over the River Ganga or at its River Bank or its flood plain area;
  3. Construction of Ghats or extension of any existing Ghat;
  4. Construction of jetties;
  5. Construction of permanent hydraulic structures for storage or diversion or control of waters or channelisation of River Ganga or its tributaries;
  6. Deforestation of hill slopes and notified forest and other eco-sensitive areas.
  7. The catchment area of river basin and its water shed has been demarcated and made available in the River Basin Atlas, 2012 and is also available in public domain in Ganga Bhuvan portal.

 

Outlines of PMKSY

GS PAPER – 2 {Public Policy}


Source: PIB

Main suggestions of NITI Aayog as given in Road map of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchaayee Yojana  (PMKSY) forwarded in January, 2017 are as under:

  • Timely completion of 99 priority projects including their CADWM work.
  • Formulation of a scheme for bridging the gap between irrigation potential created and irrigation potential utilized.
  • Minor irrigation schemes to be taken on priority in states getting less benefit with priority projects under Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) and Command Area Development & Water Management (CADWM).
  • Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of existing water bodies should be given very high priority for water management particularly in drought-prone areas.
  • Covering additional area under Micro Irrigation.
  • Completion of all the sanctioned 8,214 projects under Watershed Development component of PMKSY.
  • Regular monitoring of works under PMKSY at the district level, the State level and the National level. On-line monitoring mechanism required.
  • Assets created in the irrigation sector needs to be maintained properly for ensuring continuous benefits from the projects.
  • Active participation of the farmers, through Panchayati Raj Institutions or Water User Associations (WUAs), may be encouraged for operation and maintenance of irrigation projects.
  • An area of 28.61 la. ha. is proposed to be irrigated during 2017-18, under PMKSY.

 A budget allocation of 6872.22 cr. has been made for different components of the scheme.

In addition, funds are regularly released to States as per requirements through NABARD based upon the proposals received from the States and their eligibility as per the guidelines of the schemes.


Steps to Strengthen and Modernize Powerloom Sector

GS PAPER – 3 {Development and Employment}


Source: PIB

In order to strengthen and modernize the Powerloom Sector, Government has launched PowerTex India, a Comprehensive Scheme for Powerloom Sector Development.

Key facts:

  • Under the scheme there are several interventions.
  • Under In-situ upgradation of plain powerloom scheme the subsidy amount has been enhanced from Rs. 15,000/- to Rs. 20,000(GEN- 50%), Rs. 30,000 (SC -75%), Rs 36,000 (ST-90%) – per loom;
  • Under Group Workshed Scheme the GOI assistance for construction of workshed has been enhanced  from Rs. 300/- to Rs.400/- per sqft; and
  • Under Yarn Bank component, the government share of Corpus limit has been enhanced from Rs.1.00 crore to Rs.2.00 crores per project.

Two new components namely

  1. (PMCS)Pradhan Credit Scheme: Pradhan Mantri Mudra Scheme, under which Margin Money Subsidy and Interest Subvention are provided to the decentralised power loom units; and
  2. (SEC)Solar Energy Scheme under which financial assistance is provided to the tune of 50%, 75% and 90% to the Gen, SC/ST category workers respectively; have been introduced.

State Governments have been requested to provide additional benefits to powerloom units in their States in addition to the subsidy /benefits given by Govt. of India.

The details of additional subsidy provided by Govt. of Maharashtra, Telengana, Bihar and Karnataka under In-situ upgradation scheme.

The comprehensive scheme has the following components:

  • In-situ Upgradation of Plain Powerlooms
  • Group Workshed Scheme (GWS)
  • Yarn Bank Scheme
  • Common Facility Centre (CFC)
  • Pradhan Mantri Credit Scheme for Powerloom Weavers
  • Solar Energy Scheme for Powerlooms
  • Facilitation, IT, Awareness, Market Development and Publicity for Powerloom Schemes
  • Tex Venture Capital Fund
  • Grant-in-Aid and Modernisation & Upgradation of Powerloom Service Centres (PSCs)

 

Maintenance of Registered Under Various Labour Laws and Rules Made Easy

GS PAPER – 2 {Public Policy}


Source: PIB

The Ministry of Labour & Employment has notified “Ease of Compliance to maintain Registers under various Labour Laws Rules, 2017 which has in effect replaced the 56 Registers/Forms prescribed under 9 Central Laws and Rules made there under into 5 common Registers/Forms.

Such exercise has reduced the number of data fields from about 933 to about 144. This will save efforts, costs and lessen the compliance burden by various establishments.

Key facts:

  • Reforms in labour laws are an ongoing process to update legislative system to address the need of the hour and to make them more effective and contemporary to the emerging economic and industrial scenario.
  • The Second National Commission on Labour has recommended that the existing Labour Laws should be broadly grouped into four or five Labour Codes on functional basis.
  • Accordingly, the Ministry has taken steps for drafting four Labour Codes on Wages; Industrial Relations; Social Security & Welfare; and Safety and Working Conditionsrespectively, by simplifying, amalgamating and rationalizing the relevant provisions of the existing Central Labour Laws. Further, amendments in individual Labour Act viz.
  • Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986, Payment of Wages Act 1936, Payment of Bonus Act 1965, Maternity Benefit Act 1961 have also been carried out.
  • These legislative initiatives will improve the wage security, job security and social security of the workers.

 

April 7: World Health Day

GS PAPER – 3 {Health issue}


Source: PIB

  • The World Health Day (WHD) is observed every year on 7 April to mark the anniversary of the founding of the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • Observance of the day focuses on disseminating knowledge and awareness about human health, increasing life expectancy by adding good health to the lives of people and promoting healthier living habits across the globe.
  • The day also provides with a unique opportunity to mobilize action around a specific health topic of concern to people all over the world.
  • 2017 theme: “Depression: Let’s talk”. It seeks to encourage people to come forward for treatment.
  • Under it, WHO will be leading a one-year global campaign on depression which is the leading cause of ill health and disability worldwide. The goal of the campaign is that people with depression get help.
  • More than 300 million people around the world are now living with depression, an increase of more than 18% between 2005 and 2015.
  • It affects people of all ages, from all walks of life, in all countries. At worst, depression can lead to suicide, which is now the second leading cause of death among 15-29-year olds.

Background:

The World Health Organisation (WHO) annually marks World Health Day on 7 April to celebrate its founding in 1948. It is one of eight official global public health campaigns marked by WHO On this day in 1948, the first World Health Assembly was held Geneva, Switzerland. Since then the World Health Assembly decided to celebrate 7 April of each year with effect from 1950 as the World Health Day.


First NIMCARE World Health Day Summit 2017


Source: PIB

The President of India inaugurated the first NIMCARE World Health Day Summit 2017.

The slogan of the first NIMCARE World Health Day Summit is, ‘Unite for a Healthy Mind’.

Mental well-being:

  • He stated that lack of mental well-being contributes significantly to the total disability and morbidity burden across the world
  • Productivity of human beings, whether in workforce or in family situations, gets reduced significantly if one has any mental disorder
  • Mental health disorders span a very wide range from simple disorders to very complex situations
  • It is often seen that simpler disorders, if not managed in time, tend to become more complex putting the patient at higher risk of morbidity

Depression in India:

  • Depression affects people of all ages from all walks of life and in all countries
  • As per the National Mental Health Survey 2015-16 conducted by NIMHANS, 5.2% of the Indian adult population suffers from depression in some form or the other
  • The problem of depression often gets ignored due to lack of understanding on the part of family members

Solutions to such problems:

  • The social stigma attached to a mental disorder, even if it is easily treatable, is also a major problem in India
  • However, people have now started talking about this issue leading to greater awareness in this respect
  • He pointed out that traditional Indian values along with our family system, can be good mechanisms to support those who suffer from mental health disorders
  • He urged medical practitioners to focus on the social support systems, spiritual beliefs and practices as well as the system of Yoga in their quest for providing well-being to all
  • The President said that there is a severe shortage of mental health professionals in India and this service gap can be bridged effectively by telemedicine.

 

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    The HINDU Notes – 26th April – Current Affairs ONLY
    April 26, 2017 at 3:55 pm

    […] Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 1st April to 07th April, 2017 […]

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