Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 8th April to 15th April, 2017

Press Information Bureau (PIB)- 8th April to 15th April, 2017


Archive


Indo – Mongolian Joint Exercise : Nomadic Elephant

{International Relations} 


Source: PIB

Image result

  • Twelfth iteration of Indo – Mongolian Joint Military Exercise Nomadic Elephant is presently underway at Vairengte from 05 April 2017 till 18 April 2017.
  • Mongolian Army is represented by nine officers and 36 soldiers of the elite 084 Special Forces Task Battalion while Indian Army is represented by a contingent comprising of three officers, four JCOs and 39 soldiers of the Jammu & Kashmir Rifles.
  • Nomadic Elephant is aimed at training the troops in Counter Insurgency & Counter Terrorism Operations under the United Nations mandate.
  • The joint training will also lay emphasis on conducting operations by a joint subunit, comprising of troops from both the armies, in adverse operational conditions aimed at enhancing the interoperability between the two armies.

Web Portal “Bharat ke Veer”

{Security}, {Science and Technology}, {Governance}


Source: PIBImage result for Web Portal “Bharat ke Veer”

The Union Ministry of Home Affairs has launched web portal and mobile application named “Bharat ke Veer” to enable people to contribute towards family of martyrs from central paramilitary forces.

It was launched by Union Home Minister on the occasion of Valour Day of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).

Key facts

  • The portal and application is an IT based platform to enable willing donors to contribute towards the family of a brave heart who have sacrificed their life in line of duty or towards the ‘Bharat Ke Veer’ corpus.
  • This online donation platform is technically supported by National Informatics Centre (NIC) and powered by State Bank of India (SBI).
  • The amount so donated through it will be credited to the account of ‘Next of Kin’ of those Central Armed Police Force or Central Para Military Force soldiers.
  • To ensure maximum coverage, a cap of Rs. 15 lakh is imposed on donation and donors will be alerted if amount exceeds, so they can choose to divert part of the donation to another account or the corpus.
  • Bharat Ke Veer corpus will be managed by a committee made up of eminent persons of repute and senior Government officials. The committee will decide to disbursement of fund equitably to braveheart’s family on need basis.

Swachhagraha “Bapu Ko Karyanjali”

{Social issue}


Source: PIB

‘‘Swachhagraha “Bapu Ko Karyanjali”-A Mission, An Exhibition’ to mark 100th Anniversary of Champaran Satyagrah at the National Archives of India (NAI)

Key facts:

  • Addressing the gathering on the occasion, the Prime Minister said that 100 years ago, Mahatma Gandhi reached Champaran and witnessed the hardships of people living there.
  • Gandhi Ji showed them the path to and power of peaceful Satyagrah.
  • Champaran Satyagraha catapulted Gandhi Ji to the forefront of India’s freedom struggle.
  • Gandhi ji was basically a Swachhagrahi and was awakening the thought process of the people of India.
  • Champaran be described as the place of origin of Swachhata Andolan and Champaran Satyagrah gave a new impetus to the freedom struggle and Gandhi ji accorded equal regard to women.
  • ‘Champaran played an important role in the development of Khadi.

Background:

  • Gandhi Ji was initially reluctant to visit Champaran.
  • Rather, he had hardly knew where Champaran was and was unaware of the conditions of the farmers who cultivated Indigo. Upon his arrival in Patna on 10th April 1917 and thence to in Motihari on 15th April, he immediately realized that his stay there would be a long haul.
  • During his stay, Gandhi Ji delved in detail with the problems of people.
  • Social practices of scavenging, illiteracy, issues covering women and health were found to be the main impediments. These obstacles were common to the political issues that Gandhi Ji confronted. Satyagraha was the weapon he employed to overcome hurdles on both these fronts.

The Champaran Satyagraha changed the dynamics of Indian politics, catapulting Gandhi Ji to the forefront of India’s freedom struggle. For the first time, people of India realized the power of non-violence and passive resistance, based on action.


SAMPADA scheme for food processing

{Public Policy}


Source: PIBImage result for SAMPADA scheme for food processing

The Union Ministry of Food Processing is going to launch Scheme for Agro-Marine Produce Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters (SAMPADA) for food processing sector. The scheme will integrate current and new schemes aimed at reducing food wastage and doubling farmers’ income by 2022. It will help to create infrastructure for linkage of entire supply chain.

  • SAMPADA is an umbrella scheme that will include ongoing schemes like mega food parks and cold chain projects and new schemes. It has an outlay of Rs. 6000 crore and will be implemented by 2019-20.
  • The ministry will also launch three new schemes to create infrastructure for improving the entire food supply chain. These three schemes are ‘Creation/ Expansion of Food Processing and Preservation Capacities’, ‘New Agro-Processing Clusters‘ and ‘Backward and Forward Linkages’.
  • Moreover, government is taking steps to boost food processing sector to bring down post-harvest losses preferably to zero level, provide quality food to consumers at cheaper price and double of farmers’ income.

Parliament passes HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2017

{Public Policy}, {Health issue}


Source: PIBImage result for Parliament passes HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2017
Parliament has passed the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2017. It is the first national HIV law in South Asia. The Bill seeks to safeguard the rights of people living with HIV and affected by HIV. It aims to prevent social stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV (PLHIV).

  • Privacy of PLHIV: No person will be compelled to disclose his HIV status except with his informed consent, and if required by a court order.
  • Establishments keeping records of information of PLHIV must adopt data protection measures.
  • Prohibits any individual from publishing information or advocating feelings of hatred against HIV positive persons and PLHIV.
  • Safeguarding Rights: Obligations on establishments to safeguard rights of persons living with HIV arid create mechanisms for redressing complaints.
  • Strengthen legal accountability and establish formal mechanisms for inquiring into complaints and redressing grievances to probe discrimination complaints against those who discriminate against PLHIV.
  • It ensures that no HIV test, medical treatment or research is conducted on a person without his informed consent.
  • Grounds of discrimination: Lists various grounds on which discrimination against HIV-positive persons and those living with them is prohibited.
  • These include the denial, discontinuation, termination or unfair treatment with regard to employment, educational establishments, health care services, renting property etc.
  • Bans unfair treatment of people living with and affected by HIV with regard to accessing public facilities, such as shops, hotels, restaurants, public entertainment venues, public facilities and burial grounds.
  • Pre-requisite HIV testing: Prohibits, requirement for HIV testing as a pre-requisite for obtaining employment or accessing health care or education.

There are approximately 21 lakh persons estimated to be living with HIV in India. The prevalence of HIV in India is decreasing since last decade but percentage of PLHIV receiving Anti-Retroviral therapy (ART) treatment is merely 28.82% against global percentage of 41%. The Bill will provide essential support to National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) in arresting new spread of HIV infections and thereby achieving the target of “Ending the epidemic by 2030” to meet goal Sustainable Development Goals.


Central Processing Centre (CPC) gets new Pin Code

{Indian Economy}


I-T CPC in Bengaluru gets new pin code for taxpayers benefit

Source: PIB

The Department of Post has allotted a unique pin code for the Income Tax Department’s Central Processing Centre (CPC) based in Bengaluru so as to ensure that the letters and mails sent by taxpayers to the CPC are not lost or reach the centre late. The new pin code given to CPC is 560500.

Earlier, the CPC was using the pin code 560100 which was marked for the entire city area of Bengaluru. The new pin code will cater exclusively to the CPC of the Income Tax department and will help in addressing the grievances of the taxpayers with respect to the issues of non-reaching of postal mails.

 


Cabinet approves setting up of a Special Purpose Vehicle to be called Government e-Marketplace (GeM SPV)

{Governance}


Source: PIB

Setting up of a Special Purpose Vehicle to be called Government e-Marketplace (GeM SPV) as the National Public Procurement Portal as Section 8 Company registered under the Companies Act, 2013, for providing procurement of goods & services required by Central & State Government organizations. GeM SPV shall provide an end-to-end online Marketplace for Central and State Government Ministries / Departments, Central & State Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs & SPSUs), Autonomous institutions and Local bodies, for procurement of common use goods & services in a transparent and efficient manner.


Cabinet approves the Establishment of the BIMSTEC Grid Interconnection

{International Relations}


 Source: PIB 

The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Power for signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with member states of BIMSTEC for establishing BIMSTEC grid interconnections. The MoU will be signed at the 3rd BIMSTEC Energy Ministers’ Meeting that will be held in Nepal shortly.

The MoU provides a broad framework of cooperation for the implementation of grid interconnections for the purpose of carrying out trade in electricity. Its objective is to promote rational and optimal power transmission in the BIMSTEC region.

The MoU for the establishment of the BIMSTEC grid interconnection facilitates:

  • Optimization of energy resources in the BIMSTEC region for mutual benefits on non-discriminatory basis subject to laws, rules and regulations of the respective Parties;
  • Promotion of efficient, economic, and secure operation of power system by developing regional electricity networks;
  • Necessity of optimization of capital investment for additional capacity generation across the region;
  • Power exchange through cross-border interconnections.

In 2005, during the first BIMSTEC Energy Ministers’ Conference held in New Delhi, a Plan of Action for Energy Cooperation in BIMSTEC was formulated. As a part of the plan, under the BIMSTEC Trans-Power Exchange and Development Project, a task force under the leadership of Thailand was formed comprising the representatives of member countries to come up with a report on draft MoU for grid interconnections. After a total of five meetings, the draft MoU for the establishment of the BIMSTEC grid interconnection was finalised on March 16, 2015. The leaders reached a consensus to expedite the signing of the MoU on BIMSTEC grid interconnection during the BIMSTEC Leaders’ Retreat, 2016 held in Goa. In the fourth meeting of BIMSTEC held in January 2017, the MoU was discussed and finalised.


National Lok Adalat settles over 6 lakh cases in one day

{Judicial System}


Source: PIB

The Second National Lok Adalat for 2017, conducted throughout the country from taluk level courts to High Courts, has settled nearly 6.6 lakh cases .Out of this, 3.68 lakh cases have been reduced from court pendency and about 2.92 lakh cases were settled even before they could be filed in courts .

The cases ranged from matrimonial disputes, partition suits, civil matters, cheque bounce cases, motor accident claims, revenue disputes pending in courts, criminal compoundable cases and service matters pertaining to pension, retrial benefits, etc.

The NALSA, under Justice Misra, has decided to organise bi-monthly National Lok Adalats for both pending and pre-litigative cases .

Culture of settlement: Lok Adalats are setting up a “culture of settlement”

Lok Adalats:

  • NALSA along with other Legal Services Institutions conducts Lok Adalats
  • Lok Adalat is one of the alternative dispute redressal mechanisms
  • It is a forum where disputes/cases pending in the court of law or at pre-litigation stage are settled/ compromised amicably
  • The Lok Adalat is presided over by a sitting or retired judicial officer as the chairman, with two other members, usually a lawyer and a social worker
  • Statutory: Lok Adalats have been given statutory status under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987
  • Final award: Under the said Act, the award (decision) made by the Lok Adalats is deemed to be a decree of a civil court and is final and binding on all parties and no appeal against such an award lies before any court of law
  • No appeal: If the parties are not satisfied with the award of the Lok Adalat though there is no provision for an appeal against such an award, but they are free to initiate litigation by approaching the court of appropriate jurisdiction by filing a case by following the required procedure, in exercise of their right to litigate
  • No fee: There is no court fee payable when a matter is filed in a Lok Adalat
  • If a matter pending in the court of law is referred to the Lok Adalat and is settled subsequently, the court fee originally paid in the court on the complaints/petition is also refunded back to the parties
  • Members: The persons deciding the cases in the Lok Adalats are called the Members of the Lok Adalats
  • They have the role of statutory conciliators only and do not have any judicial role
  • Persuasion: Therefore they can only persuade the parties to come to a conclusion for settling the dispute outside the court in the Lok Adalat and shall not pressurize or coerce any of the parties to compromise or settle cases or matters either directly or indirectly
  • Amicable resolution: The Lok Adalat shall not decide the matter so referred at its own instance, instead the same would be decided on the basis of the compromise or settlement between the parties
  • The members shall assist the parties in an independent and impartial manner in their attempt to reach amicable settlement of their dispute

Global interest in PSLV soars

{Science and Technology}


Source: PIB

  • The PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) space vehicle has received more than double the volume of inquiries from prospective customers ever since it launched a record 104 satellites on a single flight in February
  • A world best, 101 small foreign commercial spacecraft were taken up at once in the feat, catapulting the PSLV’s overall commercial tally to 180

Globally, 500 satellites are expected to come up for launch every year from 2018 onwards

  • The PSLV, with a near impeccable 37 successes in 39 flights, he said, is a clear leader in the category of rockets that lift small satellites to low earth orbits or LEOs
  • These satellites weigh up to 500 kg and must be placed in polar orbits 500 km from the earth

Nation Pays Homage to Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar on his 127th Birth Anniversary

{Indian history}


Source : PIB

127th birth anniversary of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was celebrated at the Parliament House complex. The President, Vice President and Prime Minister paid floral tributes to the statue of Ambedkar present in the Parliament House Lawns. The celebrations were organized by Dr. Ambedkar Foundation, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.

About Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar :

  • B R Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 at Mhow in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Ambedkar was elected as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly.
  • He is called as the father of the Indian Constitution.
  • Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha was the first organization formed by Dr. Ambedkar in 1924.
  • Ambedkar was appointed as the first Law Minister of Independent India, but he resigned from the Cabinet on September 1951 due to differences with Nehru on the Hindu Code Bill. Ambedkar got himself converted to Buddhism on October 14, 1956.
  • He died on December 6, 1956 at Delhi due to severe diabetic neurosis.
  • After his death, his political party Scheduled Caste Federation was renamed as Republican Party of India in 1957 by his followers.

Some of his famous books are:

  1. ‘The Untouchable: Who are They and Why They Have Become Untouchables’;
  2. ‘Buddha and His Dhamma’;
  3. ‘The Rise and Fall of Hindu Women‘,
  4. ‘Emancipation of Untouchables’,
  5. ‘The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India’;
  6. ‘Pakistan or Partition of India‘,
  7. ‘Thoughts on Linguistic States’, etc.

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) crosses the target of Rs. 1.8 lakh crore for 2016-17

{Public Policy}


Source : PIB

Loans extended under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) during 2016-17 have crossed the target of Rs. 1,80,000 crore for 2016-17. Sanctions currently stand at Rs. 1,80,087 crore with final data still awaited from some of the smaller non-banking lenders. Of this amount, Rs. 1,23,000 crore was lent by banks while non-banking institutions lent about Rs. 57,000 crore. Data compiled so far indicates that the number of borrowers this year were over 4 crore, of which over 70% were women borrowers. About 20% of the borrowers were from the Scheduled Caste Category, 5% from the Scheduled Tribe Category, while Other Backward Classes accounted for almost 35% of the borrowers.

Robust growth in bank loans to unfunded and underfunded segments of the society indicates that this category of borrowers has emerged as a key driver of demand for credit. Non-insistence of collateral/guarantor, simple documentation and quick processing are the three praiseworthy attributes of the MUDRA loans.

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY):
The objective of this scheme to launch a Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Bank to support the entrepreneurs of Scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes entrepreneurs in the MSME sector. The scheme was launched on April 8, 2015. MUDRA cards are the unique feature of this scheme. The card permits access to working capital through ATMs and card machines. MUDRA loans can be availed for non-agricultural activities upto Rs 10 lakh and for activities allied to agriculture such as dairy, poultry bee keeping etc.

The scheme provides loans to micro units in three categories ranging from Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 10 lakh.

Shishu: Loan up to Rs 50,000

Kishore: Loan ranging from Rs 50,000 to Rs 5 lakh

Tarun: Loan ranging from Rs 5 lakh to Rs 10 lakh.


BHIM-Aadhaar platform

 {Digitalization},  {Governance}


Source : PIB

Prime Minister has launched BHIM-Aadhaar platform from Nagpur. BHIM-Aadhaar platform is the merchant interface of the BHIM App that has been launched for making digital payments using the Aadhaar platform. BHIM App was launched in December 2016 to provide a one-stop solution for all digital payments. The App created a new world record by registering 1.9 crore downloads within four months since its launch.

The newly launched BHIM-Aadhaar platform will help people to pay digitally using their biometric data like thumb imprint on a merchant’s biometric enabled device like a smart phone or a biometric reader. The App needs to be installed only by merchants and they need to connect their smartphones to the biometric scan machine to accept the payments from customers. The customers who want to pay using this app needs to link Aadhaar number and biometic fingerprint to complete a transaction.

Prime Minister has also launched two new offers rewarding BHIM users. Both the schemes will be administered by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and implemented by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).

BHIM – Referral Bonus Scheme
Under this scheme, both the existing BHIM users and the new users will get a cash bonus credited directly to their account. This scheme incentivizes the existing BHIM users to refer new users to BHIM. Upon completion of minimum 3 unique successful transactions amounting to Rs 50 to any 3 unique users, the bonus will be paid to both the referrer and the referee.

BHIM – Cash back Scheme
Under this scheme, merchants will get cash back on every transaction using BHIM. The merchants can get cashback of up to Rs 300 per month, with each merchant eligible to win up to Rs 1800 in 6 months.


Sagarmatha Friendship-2017

{International Relations}


 Source : PIB

Nepal and China is all set to hold their first ever joint military exercise named ‘Sagarmatha Friendship-2017’ from April 17 to April 26. The 10 day long joint exercise will focus on combating terror and disaster management. Although, Nepal conducts joint exercises with other countries like India and United States, this is the first time it is holding a joint exercise with China. The joint exercise comes at the backdrop of Nepal’s proposal of such exercise having focus on disaster management during Chinese Defence Minister, General Chang Wanquan’s official visit to Nepal on March 24.

Sagarmatha is the Nepali name for Mt Everest, which stands in between both the countries. Even though the bilateral military engagement between Nepal and China does not violate India-Nepal treaty of peace and friendship (1950), the exercise does appear unconventional as Nepal has conducted exercises with India earlier. Nepal can have military exercises with other countries without violating the pact with India, but at the same time, military engagement with China is worrisome as China’s definition of terrorism includes Tibetan agitators as well.


 

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