SC orders CBI probe into extrajudicial killings in Manipur

The Supreme Court today directed for a CBI probe into the alleged extra-judicial killings by the Army, the Assam Rifles and the Police in the insurgency-hit Manipur.

A bench of Justices M B Lokur and U U Lalit asked the CBI director to appoint a team of officers to conduct the probe into the alleged killings.

Background

  •  The court was hearing a PIL seeking probe and compensation in the alleged 1,528 extra-judicial killings from 2000 to 2012 by security forces and police. The court pulled up Manipur government for not taking action on alleged fake encounters by armed forces.
  • On April 20, the Army had told the apex court that it cannot be subjected to FIRs for carrying out anti-militancy operations in insurgency-prone areas like Jammu and Kashmir and Manipur, while alleging local bias in judicial inquiries conducted against it in these regions, which have tarnished its image.
  •  In July last year, the apex court had directed a thorough probe into the alleged fake encounter killings in Manipur saying the use of “excessive or retaliatory force” by the armed forces or police was not permissible in ‘disturbed areas’ under the controversial Armed Force Special Powers Act.

About AFSPA

  • Armed Forces (Special Powers) Acts (AFSPA), are Acts of the Parliament of India that grant special powers to the Indian Armed Forces in what each act terms “disturbed areas”.
  • Act, 1976 once declared ‘disturbed’, the area has to maintain status quo for a minimum of 3 months.
  • The Armed Forces Special Powers Ordinance of 1942 was promulgated by the British on 15 August 1942 to suppress the Quit India Movement.
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