The Green Corridors of Indian Railways


What is a Green Corridor?

The Green Corridor is a commitment to clean environment under the ‘Swachh Rail-Swachh Bharat’ initiative.

The green corridor is aimed at contributing towards the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ initiated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the Indian Railways have set the target of providing bio-toilets in all the coaches by September 2019

Five green rail corridors of India:


  • The 114 km long Rameswaram-Manamadurai stretch in Tamil Nadu is the country’s first green rail corridor.
  • The Okha-Kanalus and Porbandar-Wasjaliya railway sections of Gujarat.
  • Two More green rail corridor have been launched by the Indian Railways. The North Western Railway has declared the Barmer-Munawab and Pipad Road-Bilara rail routes in Rajasthan as Green Corridors.

About the green rail corridors:

  • Trains in the green corridor have been fitted with bio-toilets, which ensure zero discharge of human waste on the rail tracks thereby improving cleanliness and hygiene
  • Over 50,000 bio-toilets have been made operational and more are under way
  • The initiative is also said to bring down the maintenance cost significantly
  • Indian Railway developed the environment friendly bio-toilets in association with the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
  • Bio-toilets store the discharge in a biodigester tank, which has anaerobic bacteria, fitted underneath the train coach in a small space
  • The bacteria have the ability to convert human faecal matter into water and small amount of gases like Methane.
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