Three new eel species found in Bay of Bengal
Why in news?
Scientists have discovered three new species of eel along the northern Bay of Bengal coast in the past few months.
- Dark brown with white dots on the dorsal side, Gymnothorax pseudotile was discovered at the Digha coast of the Bay of Bengal.
- The other two species, Gymnothorax visakhaensis (uniformly brown) and Enchelycore propinqua (reddish brown body mottled with irregular creamy white spots), were discovered from the Visakhapatnam coast of the Bay of Bengal.
- While Gymnothorax pseudotile is about 1 feet to 1.5 feet long, Gymnothorax visakhaensis is about a foot long. Enchelycore propinqua is the smallest of them measuring less than a foot.
- the specimens of the first two species can be found upon a considerable search, the third one is relatively rare
- Eels are found mostly at the bottom of rivers and seas. Across the world about 1,000 species of eels have been identified. In India, the number is around 125. For species belonging to the family Muraenidae, referred commonly as Moray eels, there are records of about 200 species of which more than 30 species are found in India.
- The Bay of Bengal coast has yielded at least five new species of eel. In 2016, identified Gymnothorax indicus, an edible species
- In 2015, a short brown unpatterned moray eel, named Gymnothorax mishrai (Bengal moray eel), was discovered from the coast of Bay of Bengal. The specimens of Gymnothorax pseudotile were collected in a trawl net by fishermen in the northern Bay of Bengal.
Q. Which of the following new species were recently found in from the Visakhapatnam coast of the Bay of Bengal?
1) Gymnothorax pseudotile
2) Gymnothorax visakhaensis
3) Enchelycore propinqua
4) Gymnothorax mishrai
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below
a) 1 and 4 only
b) 2 and 3 onl y
c) 1, 2 and 3 only
d) All of the above
Answer: b) 2 and 3 only