Super blue blood moon to colour the skies
A cosmic event not seen in 36 years — a rare “super blood blue moon” — may be glimpsed January 31 in parts of western North America, Asia, the Middle East, Russia and Australia. The event is causing a buzz because it combines three unusual lunar events — an extra big super moon, a blue moon and a total lunar eclipse.
What time will one able to watch the Super Blue blood moon? How can I watch it in India?
The super blue blood moon will be visible on January 31. On this day, the natural satellite will rise at 5:51 AM EST, which is 4:21 PM IST and set at 11:08 AM EST or 9:38 PM IST. Those residing in Siberia, Australia, New Zealand and northwestern US and Canada will be lucky to observe the entire event. Major sections of Africa, South America and Europe will not be able to enjoy the event.
For stargazers in India, the phenomenon will be visible. The country’s first viewers will be from the north-East, who will be able to witness this event between 4:21 PM and 5:18 PM IST. Rest of India will get a chance to see this Super blue blood moon between 5:18 PM IST and 6:21 PM IST. The west coast and parts of Rajasthan will see the celestial event from 6:21 PM IST to 7:37 PM IST on January 31 itself.
It refers to the second full moon in a month. Typically, a blue moon happens every two years and eight months. This full moon is also the third in a series of “supermoons,” which happen when the moon is closest to Earth in its orbit.
This point, called the perigee, makes the moon appear 14% larger and 30% brighter. During the eclipse, the moon will glide into Earth’s shadow, gradually turning the white disk of light to orange or red.
The alignment of the sun, moon and Earth will last one hour and 16 minutes, visible before dawn across the western U.S. and Canada. Unlike a solar eclipse, this lunar eclipse can be safely viewed without protective eyewear.
An eclipse (ee-CLIPS) takes place when a planet or moon passes between another planet, moon or the sun. There are two kinds of eclipses. One is an eclipse of the moon. The other is an eclipse of the sun.
What Is a Lunar Eclipse?
The moon orbits, or goes around, Earth. Earth orbits, or goes around, the sun. Once in a while, Earth lines up directly between the sun and the moon. When this happens, Earth blocks the light from the sun to the moon. Earth’s shadow then falls on the moon. This is an eclipse of the moon. It is called a lunar eclipse.
During a lunar eclipse, we can see Earth’s shadow on the moon. When Earth completely blocks the sunlight, the moon looks red or orange. A lunar eclipse can last for a few hours. At least two lunar eclipses happen every year.
Total Lunar Eclipses
A total lunar eclipse occurs when Earth’s umbra – the central, dark part of its shadow – obscures all of the Moon’s surface.
Partial Lunar Eclipses
A partial lunar eclipse can be observed when only part of the Moon’s surface is obscured by Earth’s umbra.
Penumbral Lunar Eclipses
A penumbral lunar eclipse happens when the Moon travels through the faint penumbral portion of Earth’s shadow.
What Is a Solar Eclipse?
Sometimes when the moon orbits Earth, it lines up directly between the sun and Earth. When this happens, the moon blocks the light of the sun. This causes an eclipse of the sun, or a solar eclipse. During a solar eclipse, the moon casts shadows onto Earth.
A solar eclipse happens during the daytime. The daylight grows dim. Sometimes the moon blocks almost all of the sunlight. Then the daytime can look as dark as night during a solar eclipse!
Solar eclipses happen once every 18 months. Solar eclipses only last for a few minutes.
Partial Solar Eclipses
A partial solar eclipse happens when the Moon only partially covers the disk of the Sun.
Annular Solar Eclipses
An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon appears smaller than the Sun as it passes centrally across the solar disk and a bright ring, or annulus, of sunlight remains visible during the eclipse.
Hybrid Solar Eclipses
A hybrid solar eclipse is a rare form of solar eclipse, which changes from an annular to a total solar eclipse, and vice versa, along its path.
Why Does scientists Study Eclipses?
Scientists want to learn more about the moon. They took the moon’s temperature during a lunar eclipse. They wanted to see how fast the moon cooled when Earth’s shadow was on it. This helped NASA learn what the moon might be made of. The moon is our nearest neighbor, yet there is still much to learn about it.
NASA can study the top layer of the sun during some solar eclipses. The moon blocks the brightest rays of sunlight. This makes it easier for scientists to see the top layer of the sun. Scientists use tools on Earth and tools in space to take pictures of the sun. Then they study what they see.