Trump pulls U.S. out of 2015 Paris climate accord
- Donald trump has decided to withdraw the US from the Paris Agreement on climate change and renegotiate the deal that was agreed upon by over 190 countries during the previous Obama administration.
- It seems History is repeating itself , in 2001 US president George W. Bush too had decided to not ratify the Kyoto protocol calling it unfair stating that it would
harm US economy and workers. Kyoto Protocol was Paris Agreement’s
What was Paris Agreement.
- Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing the world today. It is responsible for the increase in extreme weather events.
- Due these severe climatic conditions 180 countries including Paris decided in wording to keep global temperature increase well below 2C and if possible, below 1.5C.
- This is what the meeting in December 2015 was all about, On April 22, 2016, the Paris Agreement was opened for signature at the United Nations Headquarters in New York .The Agreement will remain open for signature until April 2017.
Current Status of Paris Agreement.
- 147 Parties have ratified of 197 Parties to the Convention.
- The first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1) took place in Marrakech, Morocco from 15-18 November 2016.
Impact of Trump’s Decision.
- The US, pledged to cut U.S. climate pollution by 26-28% from 2005 levels.
- China is responsible for 20.09% of global emissions, while the US is responsible for 17.89%
- If US will not meet its target emission of greenhouse gases will increase and temperature will increase by .1 to .3 degree celcius.
- There are also fears that some more reluctant countries may also follow the steps of US in quitting the climate deal.
Reason behind Trunp’s Decision.
- According to Trump if he signs the Agreement US will be in great loss such as United States could cost America as much as 2.7 million lost jobs by 2025.
- He says the Paris Agreement is Unfair to US as their many industrial sectors will be hampered such as power sector,cement industries.
- They may get crucial degradation in economically as their coal power plant would shut down and market could be taken by other countries.
- Weaken American national sovereignty.
- However, he has said that he is open for a “new transaction” on terms that are fair to the US.
Reaction of other countries on Trump’s Decision.
- Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said that the U.S. decision was “disappointing… but not at all surprising,”.
- German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron and Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni said in a rare joint statement the agreement could not be renegotiated and urged their allies to hasten efforts to combat climate change. They pledged to do more to help developing countries adapt.
Sight Of Relief.
- According to UN rules Rules require a nation to wait three years from the date the pact gained legal force, Nov. 4, 2016, before formally seeking to leave.