Finally, the long wait came to an end on Sunday after Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) conducted the Civil Services Prelims (CSAT Prelims) 2017. But, still, a lot has to happen as the next level is still ahead. The first slot of exam got over on Sunday. The UPSC Civil Services Prelims CSAT Exam 2017 got over at 12:30 PM. The exam was conducted at various centers across the nation amid tight security. Now, every aspirant is searching for paper analysis.
The UPSC Civil Services (Prelims) 2017 paper may have seemed easy at first because there were many easy questions scattered here and there especially in Polity, but it was not so .
According to reports, the paper was held without any reported incidents of protests.
UPSC Prelims is the first stage in a brutally competitive and elite Civil Services exam conducted by UPSC. For the past few years there has been a focus on Current Affairs in place of Static part and on factual questions in place of conceptual questions.
Although that trend is still there, this year there were lesser number of questions from current affairs.
Also, the number of factual questions were less and more focus was on conceptual and applied questions. Moreover, the questions did not only test the ability to retain information across various dimension, they also tested common sense and understanding in some of the polity questions.
As always UPSC managed to throw its usual gamut of surprises. Those students were most surprised who were expecting that the paper will be on similar lines like last year.
The paper may have seemed easy at first because there were many easy questions scattered here and there especially in Polity, but it was not so. Options were close and some very specific questions were asked. There were a few tricky questions which combined factual with conceptual and they were the most difficult to solve.
Not so surprisingly some of the sections which used to be bread and butter of UPSC have lost favour with UPSC and they were given a cold shoulder as in the previous few years.
Section wise Analysis
History, Art and Culture:
History was more on the usual lines. There were six questions from Modern History and six from ancient history, art and culture.
History portion (ancient and modern) was largely factual and less of conceptual. In comparison to modern history the ancient portion was not so difficult in general since they were mostly factual, however, art and culture was covered largely which has always been very diverse.
Also, UPSC has a penchant for picking anything from anywhere in art and culture and that makes this section very difficult to prepare.
In total twenty questions were asked from Polity. And this as the most scoring section because most of the questions were direct.
Some of the questions which were conceptual were not that difficult if one understands the basics of polity well.
In Geography, around 70 per cent of the questions revolve around maps. Hence, it is pretty easy for anyone who is well-cognisant with the world and India map.
However, some of these questions are tricky and can fool aspirants if not thought out properly. The other miniscule number of questions from this section are from predictable and traditional geography topics like monsoon and irrigation in agriculture. Very little of physical geography was asked this time.
The questions on economy were mostly factual and related to current affairs. In all there were around 7 to 8 questions from Economy.
Also, the weightage has not changed from last year. Economics questions were not easy. Unlike previous years questions, this year’s questions were not conceptual but factual too. As expected, UPSC asked current affairs of 2012-2016 in economics.
Science and Technology:
There were only four questions from General Science and they were application based.
The questions from technology were mostly current affairs based and overlapped with Environment and Biodiversity. Overall this section has lost its favour with UPSC and we believe that there is no need to prepare for General Science separately anymore.
The focus on Environment was seen in the paper as fifteen questions were asked.
Most of the questions revolved around current affairs especially those which have potential public health and environmental impact. So, environmental news becomes an important source of reference for aspirants.
Government schemes, laws and policies have become a section in themselves, carrying at least fourteen questions.
But this paper was a lot more balanced than last year in which CA dominated the whole paper. With this focus on government schemes, PIB becomes an important source of preparation. The question on National Nutrition Mission was lifted straight from a press release of PIB.
Earlier, the civil services preliminary examination was preponed. It is after the gap of three years that Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducted the examination in June, rather than August. The preliminary tests for 2016, 2015 and 2014 were held during the month of August.
The decision for June date was taken to ensure that the entire process of the examination is completed in time.
The civil services examination is conducted annually by the UPSC in three stages — preliminary, main and interview — to select officers for Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS) and Indian Police Service (IPS), among others. Thousands of candidates take the test every year at various centres across the country.