Answer with Explanation for Polity- Special MCQ-13
Q1. Correct Answer : C
Subject specific Inter-State Councils set up under Article 263 of the Constitution of India
Central Council of Health
Central Council for Local Government and UrbanDevelopment
Regional Councils for Sales Tax and State Excise Duties Inter-State Coordination Mechanism set up outside the framework of Article 263 of the Constitution of India
Planning Commission of India (Now abolished)
National Development Council
National Integration Council
Central Advisory Board of Education
Central Council for Research in Ayurveda & Siddha
Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy
Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy
Q2. Correct Answer : D
Apart the above, these are the elements:
Sovereign, democratic and republican nature of the Indian polity
Secular character of the Constitution
Federal character of the Constitution
Unity and integrity of the nation
Freedom and dignity of the individual
Rule of law
Principle of equality
Free and fair elections
Independence of Judiciary
Limited power of Parliament to amend the Constitution
Effective access to justice Powers of the Supreme Court under Articles 32, 136, 141 and 142
Q3. Correct Answer : A
Article 275 empowers the Parliament to make grants to the states which are in need of financial assistance and not to every state. Also, different sums may be fixed for different states. These sums are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India every year. Apart from this general provision, the Constitution also provides for specific grants for promoting the welfare of the scheduled tribes in a state or for raising the level of administration of the scheduled areas in a state including the State of Assam. The statutory grants under Article 275 (both general and specific) are given to the states on the recommendation of the Finance Commission.
Q4. Correct Answer : A
The emergency can be declared only on the concurrence of the cabinet and not merely even on the advice of the prime minister or Home Minister.
The proclamation of Emergency should be approved by both the Houses of Parliament within one month from the date of its issue. So, (b) is wrong.
In 1975, the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi advised the president to proclaim emergency without consulting her cabinet.
The cabinet was informed of the proclamation after it was made, as a fait accompli. The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 introduced this safeguard to eliminate any possibility of the prime minister alone taking a decision in this regard.
Q5. Correct Answer : B
The Centre becomes entitled to give executive directions to a state on ‘any’ matter. Thus, the state governments are brought under the complete control of the Centre, though they are not suspended.
Although the legislative power of a state legislature is not suspended, it becomes subject to the overriding power of the Parliament.
Thus, the normal distribution of the legislative powers between the Centre and states is suspended, though the state legislatures are not suspended. In brief, the Constitution becomes unitary rather than federal.
Q6. Correct Answer : B
The Supreme Court declared in D. C. Wadhwa v. State of Bihar (1986), that it is unconstitutional to repromulgate ordinances (in certain conditions).
The case of M.C. Mehta v. Union of India originated in the after math of oleum gas leak from Shriram Food and Fertilisers Ltd. complex at Delhi. Rameshwar Prasad case was related to dissolution of Bihar Assembly.
Q7. Correct Answer : D
Ordinarily, the bill must be passed in each House by a special majority, that is, a majority (that is, more than 50 per cent) of the total membership of the House and a majority of two-thirds of the members of the House present and voting. Each House must pass the bill separately. In case of a disagreement between the two Houses, there is no provision for holding a joint sitting of the two Houses for the purpose of deliberation and passage of the bill. If the bill seeks to amend the federal provisions of the Constitution, it must also be ratified by the legislatures of half of the states by a simple majority, that is, a majority of the members of the House present and voting. So, (d) is the only correct answer.
Q8. Correct Answer : A
The council is a recommendatory body on issues relating to inter-state, Centre-state and Centre-union territories relations. It aims at promoting coordination between them by examining, discussing and deliberating on such issues.
Its duties, in detail, are as follows:
Investigating and discussing such subjects in which the states or the centre have a common interest;
making recommendations upon any such subject for the better coordination of policy and action onit;
Deliberating upon such other matters of general interest to the states as may be referred to it by the chairman. The Council may meet at least thrice in a year. Its meetings are held in camera and all questions are decided by consensus.
Q9. Correct Answer : A
There is an old The Hindu Article that should be read for understanding the Article 355 better.
Financial emergency under article 360 of the constitution deals with the 2nd statement.
Q10. Correct Answer : A
These are the constitutional instructions or recommendations to the State in legislative, executive and administrative matters.
According to Article 36, the term State‘ in Part IV has the same meaning as in Part III dealing with Fundamental Rights. Therefore, it includes the legislative and executive organs of the central and state governments, all local authorities and all other public authorities in the country.