UPSC Prelims-2017 Special MCQ-2 (Polity): Answer with Explanation

Answer with Explanation for Polity- Special MCQ-2



Q1. Correct Answer : A

Explanation:

Statement 2: Before recommending the bill, the President has to refer the same to the state legislature concerned for expressing its views within a specified period.

Statement 3: There is no such provision. The division of Andhra Pradesh took place despite the opposition of the state legislature.

Q Source:

Chapter 5: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


Q2. Correct Answer : B

Explanation:

Other rights unavailable to foreign citizens are:

 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (Article 16).

 Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions (Article 30)

 Protection of six rights regarding freedom of :

  • speech and expression
  • assembly
  • association
  • movement
  • residence, and
  • profession (Article 19).

It is notable that foreign citizens even enjoy the Right to elementary education (Article 21A).

Q Source:

Chapter 5: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


Q3. Correct Answer : D

Explanation:

Statement 1: They are available against the actions of private individuals, for e.g. right against untouchability. So, 1 is clearly wrong.

Statement 2: It is wrong. For e.g. media enjoys the right against government censorship as a part of Article 19 – Freedom of Speech and Expression.

Q Source:

Chapter 7: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


Q4. Correct Answer : B

Explanation:

  • Article 14 has two parts: equality before law and equal protection of laws.
  • The first concept basically means law is for everyone whoever it might be.
  • The second concept means law will apply equally to equally situated people. For e.g. if an adult receives a punishment of 3 years imprisonment, another adult for the same crime and same circumstances should also get 3 years of imprisonment.

Q Source:

Chapter 7: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


 Q5. Correct Answer : D

Explanation:

  • It includes:
    • Right to propagate one’s views as well as views of others.
    • Freedom of the press.
    • Freedom of commercial advertisements.
    • Right against tapping of telephonic conversation.
    • Right to telecast, that is, government has no monopoly on electronic media.
    • Right against bundh called by a political party or organisation.
    • Right to know about government activities.
    • Freedom of silence.
    • Right against imposition of pre-censorship on a newspaper.
    • Right to demonstration or picketing but not right to strike.
  • The State can impose reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the freedom of speech and expression on the grounds of sovereignty and integrity of India, security of the state, friendly relations with foreign states, public order, decency or morality, contempt of court, defamation, and incitement to an offence.

Q Source:

Chapter 7: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


Q6. Correct Answer : B

Explanation:

Statement 1 & 2: That is the writ of Quo Warranto, not Mandamus. Mandamus is a command issued by the court to a public official asking him to perform his official duties that he has failed or refused to perform.

Statement 3: It can also be issued against any public body, a corporation, an inferior court, a tribunal or government for the same purpose.

Q Source:

Chapter 7: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


Q7. Correct Answer : D

Explanation:

  • Right to Vote is a constitutional right, not a fundamental right. So, SC cannot be approached for issuing a writ petition.
  • High court enforces legal rights, and should be approached in case of its infringement. ECI only conducts elections and maintains the database of voters. It does not have the authority to enforce the Right to Vote. Same is true for the Chief Electoral Officer.

Q Source:

Rights Outside Part III: Chapter 7: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


Q8. Correct Answer : D

Explanation:

  • It was the first step taken by the British Government to control and regulate the affairs of the East India Company in India, and it recognised, for the first time, the political and administrative functions of the Company. So, 2 is clearly wrong. The transfer of control happened late in 1858.
  • Also, the act laid the foundations of central administration in India. There was neither a provision to decentralize the administration nor creating a federation of autonomous states. So, 1 is wrong too.

You can read the exact provisions from the Q Source.

Q Source:

Chapter 1: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


Q9. Correct Answer : D

Explanation:

Statement 1: The Supreme Court can issue writs only for the enforcement of fundamental rights whereas a high court can issue writs not only for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights but also for any other purpose.

Statement 2: The Supreme Court can issue writs against a person or government throughout the territory of India whereas a high court can issue writs against a person residing or against a government or authority located within its territorial jurisdiction only or outside its territorial jurisdiction only if the cause of action arises within its territorial jurisdiction.

Q Source:

Chapter 7: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


Q10. Correct Answer : D

Explanation:

  • The Viceroy’s Executive Council became the executive branch of the interim government.
  • Originally headed by the Viceroy of India, it was transformed into a council of ministers, with the powers of a prime minister bestowed on the vice-president of the Council, a position held by Jawaharlal Nehru.

Statement 1: Defense portfolio was held by Sardar Baldev Singh who was only a member of the council.

Statement 2: Health portfolio existed and was held by Ghaznafar Ali Khan.

Statement 3: External Affairs & Commonwealth Relations was held by Pandit Nehru, who was the Vice- President of the Council. Home, Information & Broadcasting portfolio was held by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

Q Source:

Table 1.1: Chapter 1: Indian Polity: M Laxmikanth


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