- To raise awareness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, detection and treatment, the World Cancer Day is marked on February 4, every year.
- The World Cancer Day originated in 2000 at the first World Summit against Cancer, which was held in Paris.
- The World Cancer Day was founded by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) to support the goals of the World Cancer Declaration, written in 2008.
- The primary goal of the World Cancer Day is to significantly reduce illness and death caused by cancer by 2020.
World Cancer Day 2016-2018:
Taking place under the tagline ‘We can. I can.’, a special three-year campaign for the World Cancer Day in 2016, 2017 and 2018 has been designed to explore how everyone – as a collective or as individuals – can do their part to reduce the global burden of cancer.
- The Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) had instituted World Cancer Day (WCD in 2008 by formally writing the goals of the World Cancer Declaration.
- The primary goal of observing the day is to reduce illness and death caused by it by 2020.
- The origin of the day can be traced to 2000 at the first World Summit Against Cancer, which was held in Paris, France.
- It is Geneva based leading international non-governmental organisation (NGO) founded in 1933.
- Its purpose is to help the global health community to accelerate the fight against cancer.
- It has a membership of over 800 organisations spread across 155 countries.
Cancer in India:
- More women than men are diagnosed with cancer every year in India
- In 2011-12, around 75 Mobile Cancer Detection Camps were conducted by Indian Cancer Society (ICS) for a total of 75 days. Around 6644 clients consisting 3819 women and 2825 men were screened for cancer at these camps
- A total of 163 clients were referred to Tata Memorial Hospital for further investigation
- Out of 3289 women screened in five different states of India, 66 were detected with breast cancer
- As per the World Cancer Report, a total of 5.37 lakh Indian women got cancer in 2012 against 4.77 lakh men. The same year, 3.56 lakh men died of the disease in comparison to 3.26 lakh women
Also, as per some online media reports, about 1.6 to 4.8 per cent of children below 15 years are diagnosed with cancer.