World Post Day: 9th October
World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9 October. The event was declared by the 1969 Universal Postal Congress in Tokyo as a means to mark the anniversary of the Universal Postal Union’s (UPU) creation in 1874.
The purpose of World Post Day: to bring awareness to the Post’s role in the everyday lives of people and businesses, as well as its contribution to global social and economic development.
About Universal Postal Union (UPU)
- UPU is a specialized agency of the UN that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
- It was established in 1874 and is the second oldest international organization worldwide after International Telecommunication Union (ITU) which was established in 1865.
- Its headquarters are located in the Swiss capital Berne. It has 192 member countries.
UPU is the primary forum for cooperation between postal sector players among member countries.
- It helps to ensure a truly universal network of up-to-date products and services.
- It sets rules for international mail exchanges and makes recommendations for growth in mail, financial and parcel services volumes and also to improve quality of service for customers.
Founded: 1 April 1854 by Lord Dalhousie
Motto: Dak Seva Jan Seva
- The Department of Posts (DoP), trading as India Post, is a government-operated postal system in India. Generally referred to within India as “the post office”, it is the most widely distributed postal system in the world.
- The postal service is under the Department of Posts, which is part of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology of the Government of India.
- The Indian Postal Service has 89.86% of its branches in rural areas and10.14% in urban areas. Because of its reach and presence in remote areas, the Indian postal service is also involved in other services such as small-savings banking and financial services.
- The country has been divided into 22 postal circles, each circle headed by a Chief Postmaster General. Each circle is divided into regions, headed by a Postmaster General and comprising field units known as Divisions. These divisions are further divided into subdivisions. In addition to the 22 circles, there is a base circle to provide postal services to the Armed Forces of India headed by a Director General. The highest post office in the world is in Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh operated by India Post at a height of 15,500 ft
India Post Payments Bank
- The India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) has been recently incorporated as a Public Limited Company under the Department of Posts with 100% GOI equity.
- IPPB will offer demand deposits such as savings and current accounts up to a balance of Rs 1 Lac, digitally enabled payments and remittance services of all kinds between entities and individuals and also provide access to third-party financial services such as insurance, mutual funds, pension, credit products, forex, and more, in partnership with insurance companies, mutual fund houses, pension providers, banks, international money transfer organisations, etc.
- Indian Postal Department is undergoing major transformation with changing times, be it the inter-operability of ATMs, core banking or providing of Passport Seva and Aadhar enrolment. 57 Post Offices are providing Passport Seva.
World Post Day in India:
- The International Tracked Packet service designed specially to meet the cross border requirements of e-Commerce sector in Asia-Pacific Region has been launched. The service will be available to 12 countries and gradually the whole world will be covered. This new service has many special features like affordable price, track & trace, volume discounts, pick up facility, compensation for loss or damage and, therefore, high value for money. With the launch of this service, Department of Posts is set to start a new chapter of close collaboration between the post office and the business in India that want to reach to their customers abroad.
- The e-IPO (Indian Postal Order) in the denominations of Rs. 10/-, Rs. 20/-, Rs. 50/- &Rs. 100/-, as a pilot project also been launched in Bihar, Delhi and Karnataka and in the next two months, the service will cover the entire country.
- e-IPO will be used for all purposes like fee payment for RTI/ educational institutions/ Court/ online registration for Cable Operators etc. Customer can purchase e-IPO online from one’s home or workplace, as per one’s convenience.
- India Post celebrates the National Postal Week every October from 9th to 15th October, starting with World Post Day