Year-end Achievements, 2017 Department of Science and Technology
The 104th Session of the Indian Science Congress was inaugurated by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, on 3rd January 2017 at Tirupati.
Indian Science Congress
It is an important annual event for the scientific community of India in which thousands of Scientists, researchers and science students take part in the scientific deliberations.
- To advance and promote the cause of science in India
- To hold an annual congress at a suitable place in India
- To publish such proceedings, journals, transactions and other publications as may be considered desirable.
- To secure and manage funds and endowments for the promotion of Science inlcuding the rights of disposing of or selling all or any portion of the properties of the Association.
- To do and perform any or all other acts, matters and things as are conductive to, or incidental to, or necessary for, the above objects.
The 105th Session of INC will be held in JANUARY 03-07, 2018 – OSMANIA UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD
Atlas for Visually Impaired (India)
The Union Minister for Science & Technology Dr. Harsh Vardhan released the Special Edition of “Atlas for Visually Impaired (India)” in English Braille on 10th February 2017. This Braille Atlas has been prepared by National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation (NATMO) under Department of Science & Technology.
It covers themes such as physical, socio-economic and cultural aspects, such as river system, natural vegetation, Metropolitan cities, roads, food and cash crops.
“nakshe” Portal launched by Dr. Harsh Vardhan on 250th Anniversary of Survey of India on 10th April 2017.
Topographic maps or Open Series Maps (OSM) containing natural and man-made geographical features including terrain or topography are prepared by the SoI since its inception in 1767 and is in conformity with the National Map Policy-2005.
What can be accessed in Nakshe portal?
- Topographic maps or Open Series Maps (OSM) containing natural and man-made geographical features including terrain or topography are prepared by the SoI since its inception in 1767 and is in conformity with the National Map Policy-2005.
- These OSM maps have been made available for free download from Nakshe web portal in pdf format on 1:50,000 scale through Aaadhar enabled user authentication process.
- All Indians can use the map for their Studies, researches and development Projects.
- Export, commercialization, alteration and any kind of illegal practices are not allowed in this pdf OSM maps. The IPR solely belongs to Survey of India.
Technology Day was celebrated on 11th May 2017
- Technology Day commemorates India’s success in using science and technology to address the challenges facing the country. On 11 May 1998 the Pokhran test was conducted.
- Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared India a full-fledged nuclear state after operation ‘Shakti’ and it made India the 6th country to join the Nuclear Club.
- The country’s first indigenous aircraft, the Hansa-3, was flown in Bengaluru
- Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) completed the final test-fire of the Trishul missile after which it was inducted into service by the Indian Army and Indian Airforce.
Pt Deen Dayal Upadhayay Vigyan Gram Sankul Pariyojana
The Minister of Science & Technology, Earth Sciences and Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Dr. Harshvardhan launched “Pt Deen Dayal Upadhayay Vigyan Gram Sankul Pariyojana” on 22nd Sept. 2017.
This programme will experiment and endeavour to formulate and implement appropriate S&T Interventions for Sustainable Development through cluster approach in Uttarakhand.
About a lakh of people would benefit directly or indirectly through this project in four identified clusters of 60 villages in Uttarakhand for pilot phase which are located at different altitudes (up to 3000 meters).
SERB Distinguished Investigator Award (SERB-DIA)
It is a new scheme approved for early identification and empowerment of exceptional scientists.
The scheme aims to recognize and reward the young scientists who have performed extraordinarily well in the SERB supported projects under its Extra Mural Research scheme, but are yet to reach the stage of advanced professional recognitions like SS Bhatnagar awards/ JC Bose fellowships etc. The awardees will receive honorarium of Rs 15,000/- per month for a period of 3 years and will be awarded a project to further develop their research.
The Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)
It is a statutory body established through an Act of Parliament. Supporting basic research in emerging areas of Science & Engineering are the primary and distinctive mandate of the Board.
The Board structure, with both financial and administrative powers vested in the Board, would enable quicker decisions on research issues, greatly improving thereby our responsiveness to the genuine needs of the research scientists and the S&T system.
To support research of superannuated eminent senior scientists who are passionate in research and actively involved in R & D activities even after their retirement.
TARE (Teacher Associates for Research Excellence) Mobility Scheme
A new scheme has been formulated and approved by SERB, which aims to activate the latent and unused R&D capacity in our colleges and state universities that lack S&T infrastructure and culture.
The TARE scheme will allow undertaking of part-time research by the faculty working in a regular capacity in State Universities or Colleges by integrating them in Academic Institutions such as IITs, IISc, IISERs, National labs, etc. located in the same city where the faculty member is working.
MANAK (Million Minds Augmenting National Aspiration and Knowledge)
In the context of Start-up India initiative of the Government, implementation of MANAK has been initiated to foster culture of scientific innovation among school children of class VI to class X.
This will significantly broaden the base our innovation pyramid to produce future entrepreneurs in large numbers. The programme has been targeted to encourage children to visualise/analyse needs of the society inspire them to devise innovative ideas to address them.
Interdisciplinary Centre for Cyber Security and Cyber Defence of Critical Infrastructures
An Interdisciplinary Centre for Cyber Security and Cyber Defence of Critical Infrastructures at IIT Kanpur has been funded with a total cost of around Rs.15 crores to create India’s first such research centre under a dynamic young professor.
The mission of this Centre is to promote research, education, training, and spawn start-ups to create technological safe guards to protect country’s critical infrastructure.
Why do we need R & D in cyber security?
Cyber Security is no longer just a information security problem. It has become a national security problem due to increased use of digital control and communication in the functioning of critical infrastructures.
For example, power grid, water and sewage system, nuclear plants, industrial control of manufacturing plants, railway signalling and track switch, air traffic control, rockets and missile control — all are done through digital sensing, and software-based control. Network based data movement from sensors to control centres, substations, and load dispatch centres are examples of dependence of critical infrastructure on communication network. Nation states, terrorists, and organised criminals can laugh cyber-attacks on such systems to debilitate a nation’s infrastructure, cause large scale blackouts, manufacturing loss, train and air accidents or nuclear accidents.
Materials on Energy Storage (MES)
A new programme on the Materials on Energy Storage (MES) to support R&D activities aimed at innovative materials for energy storage, and to build energy storage device with enhanced output for multifunctional applications was launched during the year.
Aiming the efficient use and further increase of renewable energy, and demonstrating its value in terms of flexibility in the energy systems are the prime objective of the initiative. 130 proposals were received and 18 were approved for funding.
Ease of Doing Science
SERB Goes Online: Science and Engineering Research Board has become 100% online for processing of all proposals under its various schemes. This has helped thousands of Scientists to submit their proposal and see the decisions online without wasting time through paper correspondence. This has also improved the speed of decision making and transparency on the submitted proposals.
Complete Online Processing of INSPIRE: Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research (INSPIRE) program which has 5 components and enrolls nearly 1.5 lakhs students every year. It is completely ONLINE process right from submission of application to release of scholarships/ fellowships etc. to every student under the scheme through web-based system. For the last 3-4 years it is functioning in a complete paperless mode. Students from across the country use this web-based ONLINE system and get the benefits of this scheme.
An ONLINE web-based system has been introduced for FIST scheme which supports R&D infrastructure. Processing of proposals right from submission of applications to release of funds to the Departments/ Colleges would become easily accessible and transparent with this initiative.
Greater Access of High-end Equipment/Facilities: A common webportal is being developed which will be populated with the name of high-end equipment and facilities available with the institutions/ universities and their online booking and use in a transparent way. This will facilitate researchers/ students the access of these facilities. The portal will be launched with full functionality by the end of 2017.
India S&T Portal: Development of an ambitious India S&T Portal has been initiated with the objective to provide one stop information centre to school students, scientists and the society at large on various schemes and programmes/activities and major achievements in S&T. This would be a 360-degree view and connect to all the stakeholders and activities of S&T in India. An internet-TV channel on S&T is also in the advanced stages of planning and execution. Currently, systems are being set up for production of contents.